October 1, 2020
The study aims to describe and analyze the governance indicators in OIC countries during 1996-2018 period based on the data of World Governance Indicators (WGI). The descriptive analytical approach had been adopted for using statistical methods to analyze the level and evolution of governance indicators. The researcher relied on aggregated indicator of governance based on the six sub-indicators of WGI indicators, and then classified the level of governance in the OIC countries into four levels. The study reaped a number of results, the most important of them are: i) In general, the level of the aggregate index of governance in the OIC is lower than the world average by 0.62 and 0.70 points in 1996 and 2018, respectively; ii) Most Islamic countries fall within the low level of governance, and there is no Islamic country in the first level of governance (very high); iii) the average of governance index in Islamic countries declined by (0.07) points between 1996 and 2018. The study recommended that Islamic countries shall adopt policies aiming at improving public governance and combating corruption, by taking advantage from the sub-indicators of governance. The researchers also recommended to develop indicators of governance that are compatible with the principles of the Islamic Law and that can be used by the OIC. Keywords: Governance indicators, Islamic countries, OIC countries, Voice and Accountability, Political Stability and Absence of Violence/Terrorism, Government Effectiveness, Regulatory Quality, Rule of Law, and Control of Corruption.